The Ages 0-9 Months: Stages of Development of Children

A Guide to Developmental Considerations at Various Ages and Stages of Development of Children.

Within each age and stage of development children are working to learn developmental tasks. Major changes in the child’s life or environment can impact the child’s ability to master new developmental tasks. Each child is unique and all children do not progress at the same rate.

For example, some six-year-old children progress quickly and do what might be typical of an eight- year-old child, while other six-year-old children progress more slowly and do what might be typical of a five-year-old child. Over the next several weeks, these blog posts should provide a list of developmental considerations that are likely to be important in creating a parenting time schedule.

Part One: Birth to Nine Months

Child’s Developmental Considerations

  • Making their needs known through crying or other signals.

  • Establishing a sense of trust in the people who care for them.

  • Learning to differentiate between important caregivers.

  • Between 6 to 8 months, beginning to develop attachments to their caregivers. Becoming comfortable with other people who interact with them.

  • At about 6 months, becoming uneasy around people the infant does not know.

  • Becoming comfortable with their surroundings.

  • Beginning to comfort themselves and establish patterns of sleeping and feeding.

  • Infants do not have an ability to remember things they cannot see, including a parent who is not present.

Parenting Time Considerations

  • Infants need their caregivers, surroundings, and routines to be predictable and responsive to their needs.

  • Infants are totally dependent on their caregivers to meet their needs.

  • Infants become attached to parents and others through consistent and loving responses to their needs, such as holding, playing, feeding, soothing, and talking gently and lovingly. Infants are sensitive to changes within each home and between homes.

  • Infants do best when there is minimal disruption to their routine.

  • Infants need their surroundings to be places of minimal stress.

  • Infants exposed to anger, violence, and patterns of harsh tones of voice directed at them or others become stressed.

  • Infants have an emotional memory for things that are frightening to them such as anger, violence, and harsh sounding voices.

  • Frequency of parenting time is more important than length of parenting time

  • Infants may show signs of stress while adjusting to a new caregiver